Collège Doctoral - Doktorandenkollegien

Statistical Physics of Complex Systems

Coventry - Leipzig - Lviv - Nancy

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Title Scattering of slow-light gap solitons with charges in a two-level medium
Authors Leon J., Anghel-Vasilescu P., Ginovart F., Allegra N.
Reference J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 42 (2009) 055101
DOI10.1088/1751-8113/42/5/055101
ArXivarxiv:0811.4474
Abstract The Maxwell-Bloch system describes a quantum two-level medium interacting with a classical electromagnetic field by mediation of the the population density. This population density variation is a purely quantum effect which is actually at the very origin of nonlinearity. The resulting nonlinear coupling possesses particularly interesting consequences at the resonance (when the frequency of the excitation is close to the transition frequency of the two-level medium) as e.g. slow-light gap solitons that result from the nonlinear instability of the evanescent wave at the boundary. As nonlinearity couples the different polarizations of the electromagnetic field, the slow-light gap soliton is shown to experience effective scattering whith charges in the medium, allowing it for instance to be trapped or reflected. This scattering process is understood qualitatively as being governed by a nonlinear Schroedinger model in an external potential related to the charges (the electrostatic permanent background component of the field).


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